Reimagining Organizational Design: The Power of Participative Democracy

In the landscape of organizational design, the work of Lippitt, White, and Fred Emery offers a paradigm-shifting perspective. They delineate two fundamentally distinct organizational designs: DP1 — Bureaucratic and DP2 — Participative Democratic. These designs represent a dichotomy between restrictive, tropophobic bureaucratic structures and enhancive, tropophilic…

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